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Distilled spirits, the trebuchet, the windmill, the Stern mounted rudder.

Essay #13 History Of Invitations

Hello, in today’s article I will be talking about the four things I learned about this week in history. Let’s get started.

Distilled spirits

Alcoholic drinks were passed down for many centuries as we learned in a previous lesson. Distilled spirits were made using the distillation process. Aristotle may have known of the distillation process in 300 BC. Alchemy was a key tool in marking distilled spirits. We believe that distilled spirits arose trying to do alchemy, like some other things we learned about. Alchemy allows secret knowledge and personal transformation, it’s not only turning copper into gold. The Bible describes distilled spirits as a strong drink, and God wants us to drink it with bread, he wants us to drink wine with bread. But too much can cause bad judgment and leads to sin. The first distilled spirit was most likely made from wine and then came whiskey in 110 AD. Distilled spirits were also used as a treatment for the plague or the Black Death. Distilled spirits were also commonly used by sailors, because sailor had to keep hydrated but they could not drink the water from the ocean, because too much could get you sick. If you took water and put it in a barrel after a while it would grow algae and get slimy. I think nobody would want to drink that. So to prevent this from happening, they put in the water some beer and wine to sanitize the water. I’m guessing it tasted good too.

The trebuchet

A trebuchet is a machine that has a counterweight on one end and a rock or a payload on the other. The payload is held by a pouch that is connected to a long rope, the size of the arm, on its side. The arm is a long stick that holds the payload on one end and the counterweight on the other. When you let go of the rope the counterweight gets flung to the other side and the pouch and the payload also flings to the other side, releasing the payload and launching it towards its target. The record of the farthest rock thrown by the trebuchet was one and one half miles, that’s how far the rock went. Wow, that’s far. The trebuchet evolved from the sling. The sling is a rope with a pouch which holds a rock, not as big as the rock used with the trebuchet but at least the size of your hand, then you swing it around and then you let go and it goes flying. The traction trebuchet originated in China around the fourth century BC. The trebuchet can fling rocks, bombs, fire bombs, fire rocks, and dead bodies.

The windmill

The windmill is a structure that produces power for electricity , and con pump water. Hero of Alexandria made an early form of a windmill in 50 A.D. The windmill came from Persia in 950 A.D. At first the windmill was not that good, but it could pump water. They improved after time, they began to convert wind into energy. The sale of the milll catches the wind and spins, that’s how the energy is generated. Since the sale moves freely it can change directions, and it always generates energy if there is wind. The first windmill was the “post mill,” then the “tower mill,” in the 13th century.

The stern mounted rudder

The stern mounted rudder is a little like a wooden fin. It was used for turning boats such as sale boats maybe, pirate ships, and other things. Ships in the old days used square sales. In the 6th century A.D. the lateen was invented. The lateen permitted sailing against the wind, which led to more trading. Ships hit a size limit due to their use of the stern ore, the stern ore was used to steer a ship, just like the lateen, but the stern or is useful on large ships. Northern Baltic ships were small and used the steering or with lateen rings. The Chinese invented the rudder, and the Muslims discovered it from them. The northern Baltic states introduced the rudder to Europe. The stern mounted rudder allows large ships to be steered easily, it’s similar to a wooden fin. It directly alters the flow of water under the hall a.k.a. the bottom of the ship. The rudder promised to increase profits. The Crusaders introduced Europe to the exotic eastern goods, with that merchant set up outpost to supply the new European markets. They also traded western goods to the eastern nations, but the fall of Constantinople cut off many trading routes. Fortunately, the rudder made ships travel farther than ever, this way they could make new trading routes. Combined with the compass and the hourglass, the ships could go very far. Portugal and Spain explored the world this way. The rudder is now used with modern aircraft and with modern jets.

Would you let me know in a comment below, something cool you learned this week.

Thank you for reading this article. I hope you enjoyed. Bye for now!


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