￼Essay #26 History Of Inventions
Hello, in today’s lesson I will be talking about the flying shuttle, Anders Celsius, the marine chronometer, and the layden jar. Let’s get started
The flying shuttle
John Kay was born in 1704, he apprenticed in textile industry, he went into business for himself later after he knew what he was doing better. He invented a new kind of read, made from wire. And then finally, he invented the flying shuttle in 1733. The flying shuttle unleashed fabric production capability, it also sped up fabric production in general. It needed only one weaver to work it, not two. The flying shuttle also reduced the skill level required for actually doing the job. The flying shuttle led to many other inventions, such as the spinning jenny.
Anders Celsius was born in 1701, he invented the centigrade temperature scale, he also initiated scientific inquiry into the northern lights. He founded the Uppsalla observatory in 1741. At first, his temperature scale was originally backwards, but, his friend inverted his temperature scale later on and made 0 very cold and 100 very hot. Anders Celsius also wrote a popular math book for children. His temperature scale finally became the standard scale in the 1950s. Overall Anders Celsius was a good inventor and scientist.
John Harrison was born in 1693; he was interested in clocks at the age of six. He invented a new temperature compensating pendulum. He gained insight during his design. His chronometer was designed to win a monetary prize, it was a precision machine, it improved sailing accuracy greatly. He improved his design for 30 years; in the end he still did not get the full prize, which was $100,000, he only got about 80,000, and that was after a lot of negotiation.
Two scientist invented the layden jar. The Layden jar was was like a battery; it’s a glass jar, it’s sides are covered or covered with tinfoil, or any metal really, and it has an electrode inside. It charged by being connected to an influence machine. Potter Muschenbroek told french scientists about the new invention, and that’s how it spread rapidly. This invention was likely the beginning of batteries; many people after this, invented new similar devices, and so on and so on until the battery itself.
Thank you for reading this essay, I really hope you enjoy. Would you like to share with me what things you learned about this week? If you don’t that’s fine. Anyway by and see you next time.